You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
 
 
 
 
 
Amir Gonnen 31d12a2f7d py/qstr: Remove MP_QSTR_SEARCH_THRESHOLD. 2 days ago
.github Switch JS port GitHub actions to track v9 2 weeks ago
docs all: Bump version to 1.19.1. 2 months ago
drivers drivers/sdcard: Fix address calculation on v2 SDSC cards. 2 months ago
examples examples/natmod/features3: Add example to test more natmod features. 2 months ago
extmod extmod/machine_i2c: Only use WRITE1 option if transfer supports it. 2 months ago
lib Update lv_bindings 2 days ago
logo all: Use the name MicroPython consistently in comments 5 years ago
mpy-cross Merge tag 'v1.19.1' into update_micropython_v1.19 1 month ago
ports fix unix port standard variant 4 days ago
py py/qstr: Remove MP_QSTR_SEARCH_THRESHOLD. 2 days ago
shared py/modsys: Introduce sys.implementation._machine constant. 3 months ago
tests tests/stress: Adjust bytecode_limit test so it can SKIP if no memory. 2 months ago
tools Merge branch 'qstr_bsearch' into update_micropython_v1.19 1 month ago
.git-blame-ignore-revs top: Update .git-blame-ignore-revs for latest formatting commit. 3 months ago
.gitattributes gitattributes: Mark *.a files as binary. 3 years ago
.gitignore Update LVGL, bugfixes 6 months ago
.gitmodules Merge tag 'v1.19.1' into update_micropython_v1.19 1 month ago
.gitpod Update LVGL, bugfixes 6 months ago
.gitpod.Dockerfile gitpod: Add missing libusb-1.0-0 to dockerfile 6 months ago
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Remove entry as requested by backer. 3 years ago
CODECONVENTIONS.md top: Update contribution and commit guide to include optional sign-off. 2 years ago
CODEOFCONDUCT.md Update Micropython. ILI9341/XPT2046 fixes 3 years ago
CONTRIBUTING.md top: Update contribution and commit guide to include optional sign-off. 2 years ago
LICENSE LICENSE,docs: Update copyright year range to include 2022. 7 months ago
README.md README fixes 1 week ago
index.html Add index.html for GitHub 3 years ago

README.md

Micropython + lvgl

Micropython bindings to LVGL for Embedded devices, Unix and JavaScript

Build lv_micropython unix port Build lv_micropython stm32 port esp32 port Build lv_micropython rp2 port Open in Gitpod

To quickly run Micropython + LVGL from your web browser you can also use the Online Simulator.

For information abound Micropython lvgl bindings please refer to lv_binding_micropython/README.md

See also Micropython + LittlevGL blog post. (LittlevGL is LVGL's previous name.)
For questions and discussions - please use the forum: https://forum.lvgl.io/c/micropython

Original micropython README: https://github.com/micropython/micropython/blob/master/README.md

Relationship between lv_micropython and lv_binding_micropython

Originally, lv_micropython was created as an example of how to use lv_binding_micropython on a Micropython fork.
As such, we try to keep changes here as minimal as possible and we try to keep it in sync with Micropython upstream releases. We also try to add changes to lv_binding_micropython instead of to lv_micropython, when possible. (for example we keep all drivers in lv_binding_micropython, the ESP32 CMake functionality etc.)

Eventually it turned out that many people prefer using lv_micropython directly and only a few use it as a reference to support LVGL on their own Micropython fork. If you are only starting with Micropython+LVGL, it's recommended that you use lv_micropython, while porting a Micropython fork to LVGL is for advanced users.

Build Instructions

First step is always to clone lv_micropython and update its submodules recursively:

git clone https://github.com/lvgl/lv_micropython.git
cd lv_micropython
git submodule update --init --recursive lib/lv_bindings

Next you should build mpy-cross

make -C mpy-cross

Port specific steps usually include updating the port's submodules with make submodules and running make for the port itself.

Unix (Linux) port

  1. sudo apt-get install build-essential libreadline-dev libffi-dev git pkg-config libsdl2-2.0-0 libsdl2-dev python3.8 parallel Python 3 is required, but you can install some other version of python3 instead of 3.8, if needed.
  2. git clone https://github.com/lvgl/lv_micropython.git
  3. cd lv_micropython
  4. git submodule update --init --recursive lib/lv_bindings
  5. make -C mpy-cross
  6. make -C ports/unix submodules
  7. make -C ports/unix
  8. ./ports/unix/micropython

ESP32 port

Please run esp-idf/export.sh from your ESP-IDF installation directory as explained in the Micropython ESP32 Getting Started documentation
ESP-IDF version needs to match Micropython expected esp-idf, otherwise a warning will be displayed (and build will probably fail) For more details refer to Setting up the toolchain and ESP-IDF

When using IL9341 driver, the color depth need to be set to match ILI9341. This can be done from the command line. Here is the command to build ESP32 + LVGL which is compatible with ILI9341 driver:

make -C mpy-cross
make -C ports/esp32 LV_CFLAGS="-DLV_COLOR_DEPTH=16" BOARD=GENERIC_SPIRAM deploy

Explanation about the paramters:

  • LV_CFLAGS are used to override color depth, for ILI9341 compatibility.
    • LV_COLOR_DEPTH=16 is needed if you plan to use the ILI9341 driver.
  • BOARD - I use WROVER board with SPIRAM. You can choose other boards from ports/esp32/boards/ directory.
  • deploy - make command will create ESP32 port of Micropython, and will try to deploy it through USB-UART bridge.

For more details please refer to Micropython ESP32 README.

JavaScript port

Refer to the README of the lvgl_javascript branch: https://github.com/lvgl/lv_micropython/tree/lvgl_javascript_v8#javascript-port

Raspberry Pi Pico port

This port uses Micropython infrastructure for C modules and USER_C_MODULES must be given:

  1. git clone https://github.com/lvgl/lv_micropython.git
  2. cd lv_micropython
  3. git submodule update --init --recursive lib/lv_bindings
  4. make -C ports/rp2 BOARD=PICO submodules
  5. make -j -C mpy-cross
  6. make -j -C ports/rp2 BOARD=PICO USER_C_MODULES=../../lib/lv_bindings/bindings.cmake

Troubleshooting

If you experience unstable behaviour, it is worth checking the value of MICROPY_HW_FLASH_STORAGE_BASE against the value of __flash_binary_end from the firmware.elf.map file. If the storage base is lower than the binary end, parts of the firmware will be overwritten when the micropython filesystem is initialised.

Super Simple Example

First, LVGL needs to be imported and initialized

import lvgl as lv
lv.init()

Then display driver and input driver needs to be registered. Refer to Porting the library for more information. Here is an example of registering SDL drivers on Micropython unix port:

import SDL
SDL.init()

# Register SDL display driver.

draw_buf = lv.disp_draw_buf_t()
buf1_1 = bytearray(480*10)
draw_buf.init(buf1_1, None, len(buf1_1)//4)
disp_drv = lv.disp_drv_t()
disp_drv.init()
disp_drv.draw_buf = draw_buf
disp_drv.flush_cb = SDL.monitor_flush
disp_drv.hor_res = 480
disp_drv.ver_res = 320
disp_drv.register()

# Regsiter SDL mouse driver

indev_drv = lv.indev_drv_t()
indev_drv.init()
indev_drv.type = lv.INDEV_TYPE.POINTER
indev_drv.read_cb = SDL.mouse_read
indev_drv.register()

Here is an alternative example, for registering ILI9341 drivers on Micropython ESP32 port:

import lvgl as lv

# Import ILI9341 driver and initialized it

from ili9341 import ili9341
disp = ili9341()

# Import XPT2046 driver and initalize it

from xpt2046 import xpt2046
touch = xpt2046()

By default, both ILI9341 and XPT2046 are initialized on the same SPI bus with the following parameters:

  • ILI9341: miso=5, mosi=18, clk=19, cs=13, dc=12, rst=4, power=14, backlight=15, spihost=esp.HSPI_HOST, mhz=40, factor=4, hybrid=True
  • XPT2046: cs=25, spihost=esp.HSPI_HOST, mhz=5, max_cmds=16, cal_x0 = 3783, cal_y0 = 3948, cal_x1 = 242, cal_y1 = 423, transpose = True, samples = 3

You can change any of these parameters on ili9341/xpt2046 constructor. You can also initalize them on different SPI buses if you want, by providing miso/mosi/clk parameters. Set them to -1 to use existing (initialized) spihost bus.

Now you can create the GUI itself:


# Create a screen with a button and a label

scr = lv.obj()
btn = lv.btn(scr)
btn.align_to(lv.scr_act(), lv.ALIGN.CENTER, 0, 0)
label = lv.label(btn)
label.set_text("Hello World!")

# Load the screen

lv.scr_load(scr)

More information

More info about LVGL:

More info about lvgl Micropython bindings:

Discussions about the Micropython binding: https://github.com/lvgl/lvgl/issues/557

More info about the unix port: https://github.com/micropython/micropython/wiki/Getting-Started#debian-ubuntu-mint-and-variants

The MicroPython project

MicroPython Logo

This is the MicroPython project, which aims to put an implementation of Python 3.x on microcontrollers and small embedded systems. You can find the official website at micropython.org.

WARNING: this project is in beta stage and is subject to changes of the code-base, including project-wide name changes and API changes.

MicroPython implements the entire Python 3.4 syntax (including exceptions, with, yield from, etc., and additionally async/await keywords from Python 3.5). The following core datatypes are provided: str (including basic Unicode support), bytes, bytearray, tuple, list, dict, set, frozenset, array.array, collections.namedtuple, classes and instances. Builtin modules include sys, time, and struct, etc. Select ports have support for _thread module (multithreading). Note that only a subset of Python 3 functionality is implemented for the data types and modules.

MicroPython can execute scripts in textual source form or from precompiled bytecode, in both cases either from an on-device filesystem or "frozen" into the MicroPython executable.

See the repository http://github.com/micropython/pyboard for the MicroPython board (PyBoard), the officially supported reference electronic circuit board.

Major components in this repository:

  • py/ -- the core Python implementation, including compiler, runtime, and core library.
  • mpy-cross/ -- the MicroPython cross-compiler which is used to turn scripts into precompiled bytecode.
  • ports/unix/ -- a version of MicroPython that runs on Unix.
  • ports/stm32/ -- a version of MicroPython that runs on the PyBoard and similar STM32 boards (using ST's Cube HAL drivers).
  • ports/minimal/ -- a minimal MicroPython port. Start with this if you want to port MicroPython to another microcontroller.
  • tests/ -- test framework and test scripts.
  • docs/ -- user documentation in Sphinx reStructuredText format. Rendered HTML documentation is available at http://docs.micropython.org.

Additional components:

  • ports/bare-arm/ -- a bare minimum version of MicroPython for ARM MCUs. Used mostly to control code size.
  • ports/teensy/ -- a version of MicroPython that runs on the Teensy 3.1 (preliminary but functional).
  • ports/pic16bit/ -- a version of MicroPython for 16-bit PIC microcontrollers.
  • ports/cc3200/ -- a version of MicroPython that runs on the CC3200 from TI.
  • ports/esp8266/ -- a version of MicroPython that runs on Espressif's ESP8266 SoC.
  • ports/esp32/ -- a version of MicroPython that runs on Espressif's ESP32 SoC.
  • ports/nrf/ -- a version of MicroPython that runs on Nordic's nRF51 and nRF52 MCUs.
  • extmod/ -- additional (non-core) modules implemented in C.
  • tools/ -- various tools, including the pyboard.py module.
  • examples/ -- a few example Python scripts.

The subdirectories above may include READMEs with additional info.

"make" is used to build the components, or "gmake" on BSD-based systems. You will also need bash, gcc, and Python 3.3+ available as the command python3 (if your system only has Python 2.7 then invoke make with the additional option PYTHON=python2).

The MicroPython cross-compiler, mpy-cross

Most ports require the MicroPython cross-compiler to be built first. This program, called mpy-cross, is used to pre-compile Python scripts to .mpy files which can then be included (frozen) into the firmware/executable for a port. To build mpy-cross use:

$ cd mpy-cross
$ make

The Unix version

The "unix" port requires a standard Unix environment with gcc and GNU make. x86 and x64 architectures are supported (i.e. x86 32- and 64-bit), as well as ARM and MIPS. Making full-featured port to another architecture requires writing some assembly code for the exception handling and garbage collection. Alternatively, fallback implementation based on setjmp/longjmp can be used.

To build (see section below for required dependencies):

$ cd ports/unix
$ make submodules
$ make

Then to give it a try:

$ ./micropython
>>> list(5 * x + y for x in range(10) for y in [4, 2, 1])

Use CTRL-D (i.e. EOF) to exit the shell. Learn about command-line options (in particular, how to increase heap size which may be needed for larger applications):

$ ./micropython -h

Run complete testsuite:

$ make test

Unix version comes with a builtin package manager called upip, e.g.:

$ ./micropython -m upip install micropython-pystone
$ ./micropython -m pystone

Browse available modules on PyPI. Standard library modules come from micropython-lib project.

External dependencies

Building MicroPython ports may require some dependencies installed.

For Unix port, libffi library and pkg-config tool are required. On Debian/Ubuntu/Mint derivative Linux distros, install build-essential (includes toolchain and make), libffi-dev, and pkg-config packages.

Other dependencies can be built together with MicroPython. This may be required to enable extra features or capabilities, and in recent versions of MicroPython, these may be enabled by default. To build these additional dependencies, in the port directory you're interested in (e.g. ports/unix/) first execute:

$ make submodules

This will fetch all the relevant git submodules (sub repositories) that the port needs. Use the same command to get the latest versions of submodules as they are updated from time to time. After that execute:

$ make deplibs

This will build all available dependencies (regardless whether they are used or not). If you intend to build MicroPython with additional options (like cross-compiling), the same set of options should be passed to make deplibs. To actually enable/disable use of dependencies, edit ports/unix/mpconfigport.mk file, which has inline descriptions of the options. For example, to build SSL module (required for upip tool described above, and so enabled by default), MICROPY_PY_USSL should be set to 1.

For some ports, building required dependences is transparent, and happens automatically. But they still need to be fetched with the make submodules command.

The STM32 version

The "stm32" port requires an ARM compiler, arm-none-eabi-gcc, and associated bin-utils. For those using Arch Linux, you need arm-none-eabi-binutils, arm-none-eabi-gcc and arm-none-eabi-newlib packages. Otherwise, try here: https://developer.arm.com/tools-and-software/open-source-software/developer-tools/gnu-toolchain/gnu-rm

To build:

$ cd ports/stm32
$ make submodules
$ make

You then need to get your board into DFU mode. On the pyboard, connect the 3V3 pin to the P1/DFU pin with a wire (on PYBv1.0 they are next to each other on the bottom left of the board, second row from the bottom).

Then to flash the code via USB DFU to your device:

$ make deploy

This will use the included tools/pydfu.py script. If flashing the firmware does not work it may be because you don't have the correct permissions, and need to use sudo make deploy. See the README.md file in the ports/stm32/ directory for further details.

Contributing

MicroPython is an open-source project and welcomes contributions. To be productive, please be sure to follow the Contributors' Guidelines and the Code Conventions. Note that MicroPython is licenced under the MIT license, and all contributions should follow this license.